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Why do I need a NIF in Portugal?

Movingto Editorial Team
Answered 
December 21, 2022

In Portugal, the NIF (Número de Identificação Fiscal) is a unique identification number assigned by the Portuguese tax authorities to individuals and legal entities for tax purposes. It is similar to a Social Security number in the United States.

You may need a NIF if you are:

A resident of Portugal who is required to pay taxes in the country.

A non-resident of Portugal who is conducting business or earning income in the country.

A non-resident of Portugal who is purchasing property or engaging in other financial transactions in the country.

Having a NIF is important because it allows you to properly report your income and pay taxes in Portugal. It is also used by Portuguese financial institutions and other businesses to identify you and keep track of your transactions. You may be required to provide your NIF when opening a bank account, applying for a loan, or engaging in other financial activities in Portugal.

If you need a NIF, you can apply for one by contacting the Portuguese tax authorities or by visiting a local tax office. You may be required to provide certain documents, such as proof of identity and proof of residence, to obtain a NIF.


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